What is Zepbound
Zepbound, known generically as tirzepatide, is a medication primarily approved by FDA on November 8, 2023 for weight management or weight loss. Zepbound in simple terms works by mimicking the effects of natural hormones to help loose weight and also control blood sugar levels.
Zepbound Common Side Effects
These symptoms are usually mild to moderate and tend to improve over time as your body adjusts to the medication.
Nausea & Vomiting
Zepbound (tirzepatide) causing nausea and vomiting is one of the most common side effects. This can be attributed to its mechanism of action, particularly how it interacts with the digestive system and appetite regulation.
When Zepbound stimulates GLP-1 receptors, it can slow gastric emptying, which means food stays in the stomach longer than usual. This slower movement of food can lead to feelings of fullness or discomfort, resulting in nausea.
Nausea is often more pronounced when starting the medication or increasing the dose. As the body adjusts to Zepbound, the severity of nausea typically decreases over time. Some people may have a heightened sensitivity to medications that affect the gastrointestinal system, making them more prone to experiencing nausea.
It’s worth noting that while nausea is a common side effect, it’s usually temporary and manageable.
Diarrhea or Constipation
Another most common side effects of Zepbound are diarrhea or constipation. These can be attributed to its effects on the gastrointestinal system. These side effects are are related to how the medication influences digestion and the function of the gut.
While slowing down gastric emptying – the rate at which food moves from the stomach to the intestines, can lead to constipation. However, for some individuals, this alteration in digestive process might swing the other way, causing diarrhea.
Changes in Intestinal Motility: The drug’s impact on the gut’s motility (the movement of the intestines that helps process and move food) can vary, leading to either increased or decreased activity. This variation can result in different bowel patterns for different individuals, including both diarrhea and constipation.
Effect on Gut Flora: All medications that affect the gastrointestinal tract can potentially alter the gut flora (the balance of microorganisms in the intestines). Changes in gut flora can lead to symptoms like diarrhea or constipation, although this is a less understood aspect of the medication’s effects.
Individual Differences in Response: People’s bodies can react differently to the same medication, due to factors like individual gut sensitivity, dietary habits, and overall health. This variation can lead to different GI side effects, including diarrhea or constipation.
Dosage and Adjustment Period: When starting Zepbound or changing dosages, the body can take time to adjust, leading to temporary GI symptoms. Often, these symptoms can resolve or become less severe as the body adapts to the medication.
Injection Site Reactions:
Since Zepbound is administered as an injection, some people may experience reactions at the site of injection, such as redness, itching, or swelling.
Injection site reactions typically include redness, swelling, pain, or itching at the site where the medication is injected. These reactions are usually due to the body’s immune response to the injection, mechanical irritation from the needle, or a reaction to the medication’s formula.
They are generally localized and temporary, often resolving within a few days. Rotating injection sites, using proper injection techniques, and possibly applying a cold pack can help reduce these reactions.
Allow Zepbound injection to cool down and let it come to room temperature before injecting. Take out the shot and let it sit at room temperature (RT) for at least 15-30 minutes and then inject accordingly. Coming to room temperature before administering can help in reducing injection site reactions. This practice is often recommended for most injectable medications.
- Decreased Appetite and Weight Loss: While this can be a benefit for some patients, it’s important to manage it carefully to ensure nutritional needs are met.
- Fatigue: Some people might feel unusually tired or fatigued when taking Mounjaro.
- Dizziness and Headaches: These symptoms can sometimes occur, particularly if blood sugar levels fluctuate.